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 كل ما يخص oedupius

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عدد المساهمات : 624
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/02/2012
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مُساهمةموضوع: كل ما يخص oedupius   كل ما يخص oedupius I_icon_minitimeالجمعة يناير 11, 2013 5:22 pm






كل ما يخص oedupius 1104070547

Oedipus is a man of swift action and great insight At the opening of Oedipus the king we see that these qualities make him an excellent ruler who anticipates his subjects needs when the citizens of thebes beg him to do something about the plague for example Oedipus is one step ahead of them he has already sent Creon to the oracle at Delphi for advice But later we see that Oedipus's habit of acting swiftly has a dangerous side when he tells the story of killing the band of travelers who attempted to shove him off the three way crossroads Oedipus shows that he has the capacity to behave
At the beginning of Oedipus the king Oedipus is hugely confident and with good reason he has saved thebes from the curse of the sphinx and become king virtually overnight he proclaims his name proudly as though it were itself a healing charm here I am myself you all know me the world knows my fame I am Oedipus by the end of this tragedy however Oedipus's name will have become a curse so much so that in Oedipus at Colonus the leader of the chorus is terrified even to hear it and cries you are that man




Oedipus said these words to his people when they gathered in front of his palace because a plague has stricken thebes the citizens gather outside the palace of their king Oedipus asking him to take action Oedipus replies that he already sent his brother -in-law creon to the oracle at Delphi to learn how to help the city Creon returns with a message from the oracle th plague will end when the murderer of laius former king of thebes is caught and expelled the murderer is within the city Oedipus questions Creon about the murder of laius who was killed by thieves on his way to consult an oracle only one of his fellow travelers escaped alive Oedipus promises to solve the mystery of laius's death vowing to curse and drive out the murderer
Oedipus is a man of swift action and great insight At the opening of Oedipus the king we see that these qualities make him an excellent ruler who anticipates his subjects' needs when the citizens of thebes beg him to do something about the plague



Tiresias said these words to Oedipus when oedipus sent for
Tiresias the blind prophet and asks him what he knows about the murder Tiresias responds cryptically his ability to see the truth pain at first he refuses to tell Oedipus what he knows Oedipus curses and insults the old man going so far as to
accuse him of the murder these taunts provoke Tiresias into revealing that Oedipus himself is the killer
Oedipus naturally rejection Tiresias accusation He accuses Creon and Tiresias of conspiring against his life and he asks why Tiresias did nothing when Thebes suffered from the plague At that time a sphinx held the city captive and refused to leave until someone answered her puzzle Oedipus brags that he alone was able to solve the puzzle
Tiresias defends his skills pointing that Oedipus's parents found he trustworthy
At this mention of his parents Oedipus who grew up in the distant city of corinth asks how Tiresias knew his parents but Tiresias answers then before leaving the stage Tiresias puts one last puzzle saying killer of Laius will turns father and brother to his own children and the son of his own wife


Jocasta ( Oedipus's wife also the widow of king laius ) said these words to Oedipus when she enters and asks why the men shout at one another Oedipus explains to Jocasta that the prophet has charged him with Laius's murder and Jocasta replies that all prophecies are false As proof she notes that the Delphic oracle told Laius he would be murdered by his son when in fact his son was cast out of thebes as a baby and Laius was murdered by a band of thieves


the audience familiar with the oedipus story almost doesn't want to listen to these self assured lines spoken by jocasta wherein she treats incest with a startling lightness that will come back to haunt her what makes these lines tragic is that jocasta has no reason to know that what she says is foolish ironic or simply wrong the audiences sense of the work of fate in this play has almost entirely to do with the fact that the oedipus story was an ancient myth even in fifth century B.C. athens the audiences position is thus most like that of tiresias full of the knowledge that continues to bring it and others pain
At the same time it is important to note that at least part of the irony of the passage does depend on the play and the audience faulting Jocasta for her blindness her claim that chance rules our lives and that oedipus should live as if there is no tomorrow seems to fly in the face of the beliefs of more or less everyone in the play
returns to the fact that prophecies do come true and that the words of the gods must be obeyed what we see in Jocasta is a willingness to believe oracles only as it suits her the oracle prophesied that her son would kill laius and so she abandoned her son in the in the mountains when laius was not as she thinks killed by his son she claims to find the words of the oracle worthless now she sees Oedipus heading for some potentially horrible revelation and seeks to curb his fear by claiming that everything a person does is random


These words spoken by the chorus form the conclusion of Oedipus the king that Oedipus solved the famous riddle of the sphinx with his brilliance is an indisputable fact as is the claim that he rose to power to an enviable greatness In underscoring these facts the chorus seems to suggest a causal link between Oedipus's rise and his fall that is Oedipus fell because he rose too high because in his pride he inspired others to envy but the causal relationship is never actually established and ultimately all the chorus demonstrates is a progression of time he rose to power a man beyond all power now what a black sea of terror has overwhelmed him these lines have a ring of hollow and terrifying truth to them because the comfort an audience expects in a moral is absent
in essence they say Oedipus fell for this reason now you know how not to fall



The audience does not see Jocasta commit suicide or Oedipus blind himself because in Ancient Greek theater such violent catastrophes traditionally happen offstage the audience hears them described by witnesses rather than seeing them firsthand Greek tragedy left more to the imagination than modern theater does It placed a great deal of importance on the language in which the catastrophe is described In the case of Oedipus the convention of keeping violence offstage is thematically appropriate the audience is faced with the realization that it is blind that it relies for its knowledge of events on report and hearsay and is thus prone to error and uncertainty over the course of the play the once confident Oedipus discovers that that he is in the grip of uncertainty and error himself blinding symbolizes among other things the blindness and doubtfulness of human life in general
The messenger suggests that the chorus and implicitly the audience is better off having been spared these terrible spectacles and his words guide the audience's reaction when the messenger describes the wrenching sobs that Oedipus delivers upon seeing Jocasta our emotions are stirred in a different way than had simply witnessed the violence ourselves the focus is on the other character's reactions to the violent acts and on the audience's reaction instead of on the acts themselves

symbols

Sight and Blindness

References to eyesight and vision, are very frequent in all three of the Theban plays . In fact, this metaphor is a part of the Greek of thinking that it is almost not a metaphor at all, just as in modern English: to say “I see the truth” or “I see the way things are” is a perfectly ordinary use of language. However, the references to eyesight and insight in these plays form a meaningful pattern with the references to literal and metaphorical blindness. Oedipus is famed the of quick comprehension, but he discovers that he did not see the truth for many years , and then he blinds himself so as not to have to look on his own children/siblings.


The Three-way Crossroads

In Oedipus the King, Jocasta says that Laius was slain at a place where three roads meet. This crossroads is referred to a number of times during the play, and it symbolizes the crucial moment, long before the events of the play, when Oedipus began to fulfill the dreadful prophecy that he would murder his father and marry his mother. A crossroads is a place where a choice has to be made, so crossroads usually symbolize moments where decisions will have important consequences but where different choices are still possible. In Oedipus the King, the crossroads is part of the distant past, dimly remembered, and Oedipus was not aware at the time that he was making a fateful decision. In this play, the crossroads symbolizes fate and the awesome power of prophecy rather than freedom and choice.




suicide
Almost every character who dies in the three Theban plays does so at his or her own hand . Jocasta hangs herself in Oedipus the King and Antigone hangs herself in Antigone. Eurydice and Haemon stab themselves at the end of Antigone. Oedipus harm himself at the end of his first play

Sight and Blindness

References to eyesight and vision, are very frequent in all of the Theban plays . In fact, this metaphor is a part of the Greek of thinking as in modern English: to say “I see the truth” ” is a perfectly use of language. However, the references to eyesight and insight in these plays form a meaningful pattern with the references to literal and metaphorical blindness. Oedipus is famed the of quick comprehension, but he discovers that he did not see the truth for many years , and then he blinds himself so as not to have to look on his own children/siblings.



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تاريخ التسجيل : 08/04/2011
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: كل ما يخص oedupius   كل ما يخص oedupius I_icon_minitimeالخميس يوليو 25, 2013 12:21 pm




 


 
 
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